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Upload your picture too. Greetings admin, also known as --Anna Bauer 06:33, 28 August 2007 (CEST)
Upload your picture too. Greetings admin, also known as --Anna Bauer 06:33, 28 August 2007 (CEST)

I have studied Molecular Biotechnology at Uppsala University in Sweden. Later I moved to Skellefteå. Here I have worked for the European project BioMinE which deals with Biohydrometallurgy – how to extract metals with the aid of microbes. My task was to make sure that more free learning material in biohydrometallurgy and related topics are brought out by me and other experts on these subjects. Well, I am not dealing with biohydrometallurgy, you may think. Actually, in order to fully understand biohydrometallurgy one has to dig into other related subjects such as microbiology, geology, toxicology, hydrometallurgy etc. Maybe some of these topics concern you too ...

Today I work elsewhere but I still enjoy the wiki way of sharing information. Therefore I am still administrating BioMineWiki and hope that it will grow into a useful knowledge resource and community. Don't hesitate to contact me and remember that this site develops with the help from its members.

Website: kreablo.se

Email: anna.h.bauer@gmail.com

Cell: 0046 (0)73 847 92 64



Contents

My draft area - probably of no interest to anybody else ...

Text book - sample

  • Old Testament, red and green organisms [fungi? lichens?] on the walls of houses create pits and cavities.
  • 23 - 79 A.D. Roman writer Gaius Plinius Secundus, how copper minerals are obtained using a leaching process. [3] "chrysocolla is also artificially produced by slowly passing water through the mine during the winter until the month of June; subsequently, the water is evaporated in June and July.''
  • 166 A.D. The scientist Galen described "in-situ"-leaching in an old, cypriotic mine. [4]
  • Sometime in between 1480-1539. Heap leaching in order to extract FeSO4 was first described in De Pirotechnica by the italian metallurg V. Biringguccio (1480-1539). [5]
  • 1494 - 1555. Georgius Agricola, techniques for copper winning based on the leaching of copper-containing ores. [6] Agricola also described roasting of pyrite to prepare for leaching and produce FeSO4.
  • 1572, Industrial heap leaching of copper-sulfides in Rio Tinto, Spain. Roasting of copper- and iron-sulfides, then leaching. [7]
  • 1878, ban of open air ore roasting and its resulting atmospheric sulfur emissions in hydrometallurgical metal extraction has been taken into consideration in other countries more intensely.
  • Heap leaching techniques were assumed to reduce transportation costs and to allow the employment of locomotives and wagons for other services [8].
  • Earlier 1890ies, efforts to establish bioleaching to the Rio Tinto mines. Heaps of low-grade ore, left for one to three years for "natural" decomposition [9]. The heap leaching in the Rio Tinto mines continued successfully until the 1970ies. The reason for the successful process was said to depend on some mystic characteristic of the Rio Tinto ore or on the spanish climate. [10]
  • 1900, no open air roasting of low-grade ore was conducted at Rio Tinto mine.
  • 1922, oxidation of metal sulfides was reported [11] [12].
  • 1940 it was estimated that million of tons of sulfuric acid was discharged into the Ohio river because of the unvolontary leaching of sulfides in carbon (which was obtained from the carbon mines in Pennsylvania.) Investigations in order to solve the problem. [13]
  • 1947, Thiobacillus ferrooxidans was identified as part of the microbial community found in acid mine drainage [14].
  • 1950s Leach-dumps (precessor of leach-heaps) [15]
  • 1958, a first patent was granted [16], cyclic process where a ferric sulfate sulfuric acid lixiviant solution is used for metal extraction, regenerated by aeration (ferrous iron oxidation by iron oxidizing organisms), and re-used in a next leaching stage.
  • 1961, Thiobacillus ferrooxidans (reclassified as Acidithiobacillus) was identified in the leachates.
  • 1965 Discovery of the first iron- and sulfuroxidizing archaea - Acidianus Brierleyi - from an acidic, thermal spring in Yellowstone National Park (USA) [17]
  • 1977 The first international biohydrometallurgy meeting [18]
  • 1995 Bioleaching of chalcopyrite concentrate was developed and evaluated at the commercial scale [19]
  • 2000 Commercial scale applications with archaea [20]
  • 2003 Demonstration of potential commercial applications - the [[BioCopTM]] process by BHP Billiton employed acidophilic, iron-oxidizing archaea for bioleaching of chalcopyrite concentrates in aerated stirred tanks [21]

References

  1. Vilà, C. et al. (1997).
  2. Template:Cite journal
  3. Plinius G. secundus. Naturalis historiae libri XXXVII [on-line access under http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/ Roman/Texts/Pliny_the_Elder/home.html]
  4. Brombacher C., Bachofen R., Brandl H. (1997) Biohydrometallurgical processing of solids: a patent review. Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology 48:577-587
  5. Biometech, Studie avseende Bio & Hydrometallurgiskt center, 2002.
  6. Agricola G (1556) De re metallica libri XII. Froben, Basle, Switzerland [on-line access under http://libcoll.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/elib/]
  7. Biometech, Studie avseende Bio & Hydrometallurgiskt center, 2002.
  8. Salkield L.U. (1987) A technical history of the Rio Tinto mines: some notes on exploitation from pre-Phoenician times to the 1950s. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, London, UK
  9. Salkield L.U. (1987) A technical history of the Rio Tinto mines: some notes on exploitation from pre-Phoenician times to the 1950s. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, London, UK
  10. Biometech, Studie avseende Bio & Hydrometallurgiskt center, 2002.
  11. Rudolfs W. (1922) Oxidation of iron pyrites by sulfur-oxidizing organisms and their use for making mineral phosphates available. Soil Science 14:135-147
  12. Rudolfs W., Helbronner A. (1922) Oxidation of zinc sulfide by microörganisms. Soil Science 14:459 - 464
  13. Biometech, Studie avseende Bio & Hydrometallurgiskt center, 2002.
  14. Colmer A.R., Hinkle M.E. (1947) The role of microoganisms in acid mine drainage. Science 106:253 - 256
  15. Brierley, J. A., Biohydrometallurgy - This Microbiologist's Perspective, Biohydrometallurgy Symposium 2007
  16. Zimmerley S.R., Wilson D.G., Prater J.D. (1958) US Patent 2,829,964
  17. Brierley, J. A., Biohydrometallurgy - This Microbiologist's Perspective, Biohydrometallurgy Symposium 2007
  18. Brierley, J. A., Biohydrometallurgy - This Microbiologist's Perspectaive, Biohydrometallurgy Symposium 2007
  19. Brierley, J. A., Biohydrometallurgy - This Microbiologist's Perspective, Biohydrometallurgy Symposium 2007
  20. Brierley, J. A., Biohydrometallurgy - This Microbiologist's Perspective, Biohydrometallurgy Symposium 2007
  21. Brierley, J. A., Biohydrometallurgy - This Microbiologist's Perspective, Biohydrometallurgy Symposium 2007




Table of Contents
Chapter Status ~Pages Difficulty Solutions
1 Primes AND Modular Arithmetic
99%
24
Image:100%.pngImage:100%.pngImage:100%.png
ES Image:25%.png , PS Image:100%.png
2 HYDROMETALLURGICAL PHASE DIAGRAMS
70%
18
Image:100%.pngImage:100%.png
ES Image:75%.png , PS Image:75%.png
3 Pretreatment
80%
11
Image:100%.pngImage:100%.png
ES Image:25%.png , PS Image:50%.png
4 Set Theory and Infinite Processes
50%
10
Image:100%.pngImage:100%.pngImage:100%.png
ES Image:75%.png , PS
5 Leaching reagents
70%
14
Image:100%.pngImage:100%.pngImage:100%.pngImage:100%.png
ES Image:25%.png , PS
6 Leaching methods
30%
12
Image:100%.pngImage:100%.pngImage:100%.png
ES , PS
7 Financial Options
15%
5
Image:100%.pngImage:100%.pngImage:100%.png
ES , PS
8 Biohydrometallurgy
90%
31
Image:100%.pngImage:100%.pngImage:100%.pngImage:100%.png
ES Image:75%.png, PS
9 Further Modular Arithmetic *
60%
14
Image:100%.pngImage:100%.pngImage:100%.pngImage:100%.pngImage:100%.png
ES , PS
10 Mathematical programming
5%
4
unrated
ES , PS
143

General things

Frankfurt - 17th International Biohydrometallurgy Symposium

Workshop in how to use the BioMineWiki Temp

Review template

Frequently asked questions on biohydrometallurgy

Words to define

Special:Categories

Prokaryotes versus eukaryotes

Questions which can be answered by a microbiologist

Bioleaching experiments

auto-heating coal pile|

References

[1]

[2]

  1. Vilà, C. et al. (1997).
  2. Template:Cite journal

Useful commands

http://yoursite.tld/index.php/MainPage&action=purge http://wiki.biomine.skelleftea.se/wiki/index.php/Main_Page&action=purge

Layout library

a / b2

a=\frac{5(4v+3)}{v^2+1}

CuSiO3.2H2O + H2SO4
CuSiO3.2H2O + H2SO4
CuSiO_3 . 2H_2O\rightarrow H_2SO_4\,
 2H_3\rightarrow 2H^3
 \rightarrow
CuSiO3 . 2H2O + H2SO4 → CuSO4 + SiO2 + 3 H2O
CuSiO3 . 2H2O + H2SO4 → CuSO4 + SiO2 + 3 H2O
ZnO + H2SO4 → ZnSO4 + H2O
Al(OH)3 + NaOH → Na+ + Al(OH)2-
CuSiO_3 . 2H_2O + H_2SO_4 \rightarrow CuSO_4 + SiO_2 + 3 H_2O
CuSiO_3 . 2H_2O + H_2SO_4 \rightarrow CuSO_4 + SiO_2 + 3 H_2O
ZnO + H_2SO_4 \rightarrow ZnSO_4 + H_2O
Al(OH)_3 + NaOH \rightarrow Na^+ + Al(OH)_4^-

ρ

Structure & planning

  • Navigering
    • Alt. 1:
      • Spara ner Huvud-mindmaps i fyra små bilder
      • Gör ett templat för navigering och gör alla sidor som skall ha navigering som kategorier till detta templat.
    • Alt. 2:
      • Gör en imagge-map av Map-loggan.
      • Antingen inkluderas denna i ett navigations templat eller så gör man loggan i övre vänstra hörnet image-map klickbar.
    • Alt. 3
      • Gör 4 länkar i navigations-menyn

Advertisement

Future?

  • Redo mindmaps as layers in dreamweaver with links in a separate layer so that they can change color
  • Different access for students and teachers. Edit discussions but not articles?
  • Contact
    • Svenska gruvföreningen
    • Tecnicas Reunidas
    • Energiaskor/Värmeforskning
    • Sweko
    • Nordkalottens avfallsforum
    • Gunnar Södermark
    • Sandvik
    • Utbildningar i miljöteknik, biologi, geovetenskap

New users

Dear x

Great to hear that you are interested in BioMineWiki! You definitely qualify.

You will (or have already) received an email with the subject "BioMineWiki e-mail address confirmation" (http://wiki.biomine.skelleftea.se/wiki/index.php/Help:BioMineWiki_e-mail_address_confirmation) from the sender biominewiki@biomine.skelleftea.se. You must confirm your wish to participate by clicking the confirmation link in the email. Then you are able to log in (http://wiki.biomine.skelleftea.se/wiki/index.php/Log_in) and start editing!

You will (or have already) received an email with the subject "Password reminder from BioMineWiki" (http://wiki.biomine.skelleftea.se/wiki/index.php/Help:Password reminder from BioMineWiki) from the sender biominewiki@biomine.skelleftea.se. This email contains a temporary password. Use this password in order to log in (http://wiki.biomine.skelleftea.se/wiki/index.php/Log_in) on BioMineWiki the first time. Then you are immediately asked to change the temporary password to a more permanent one.

Naturally you are welcome to add/change information on all pages where you think you can contribute. Don't be afraid to make mistakes. If necessary one can always revert to an earlier version of the page! Also you may get feedback from other users. Contact me if you have any questions!

I suggest that you add some of the information from your email as a presentation of yourself on your userpage: User:X.

Concerning xxx it would, for example, be very interesting to know xxx. Maybe the page xxx would be a good starting point.

By the way, how did you find out about BioMineWiki?

Best regards /Anna Bauer, administrator of BioMineWiki

Dear X

You will (or have already) received an email with the subject "Password reminder from BioMineWiki" or "BioMineWiki e-mail address confirmation" from the sender biominewiki@biomine.skelleftea.se. Confirm and change the password when you log in (http://wiki.biomine.skelleftea.se/wiki/index.php/Log_in) on BioMineWiki your first time.

Naturally you are welcome to add/change information on all pages where you think you can contribute. Don't be afraid to make mistakes. If necessary one can always revert to an earlier version of the page! Contact me if you have any questions!

I suggest that you add some of the information from your email as a presentation of yourself on your userpage: http://wiki.biomine.skelleftea.se/wiki/index.php/User:x_x For example, the information you have already written in your former email to me would be suitable.

By the way, how did you find out about BioMineWiki?

Best regards /Anna Bauer, administrator of BioMineWiki


Words not related to biohydrometallurgy

Q-Beta replicase-mediated amplification selfsustained sequence replication transcription-based amplification, strand-displacement amplification reactions


Att göra

Fluidized_Bed_Reactors

Madison-test

Fixardag

Personal tools