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single-stage mechanically stirred reactor system, consisting of a feed pulp tank

Leptospirillum ferriphilum L. ferriphilum Acidithiobacillus caldus At. Caldus Sulfobacillus relative abundance Sulfobacillus spp., a microbe that is considered difficult to lyse as it is a gram-positive bacterium. Ferroplasma cyprexacervatum Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans Sb. Thermosulfidooxidans 16S rRNA gene sequence identity Biodiversity T-RFLP CESSCP DGGE (Q)-PCR FISH Plating Microbial enumeration species-specific ribosomal RNA (FISH) biodiversity Universal PCR amplification of the 16S rRNA gene Planktonic benthic cells

the bacteria Acidimicrobium sp., Acidiphilium sp., Acidithiobacillus sp., Alicyclobacillus sp., Leptospirillum sp., and Sulfobacillus sp., and for the archaea Acidianus sp., Ferroplasma sp., Metallosphaera sp., and Sulfolobus sp. The organisms Acidithiobacillus sp., Alicyclobacillus sp., Leptospirillum sp., Sulfobacillus sp., and Ferroplasma sp. Sulfolobus sp.

copies/ml

continuous bioleaching operation

Cobaltiferous pyrite

16S rRNA

clone bank

gene amplification

2-D electrophoresis

acid

Acidithiobacillus

sulfobacillus

sulfolobus

ferrooxidans

leptospirillum

metallosphaera spp

rhaphidocelis

subcaptitata

Thiobacillus thiooxidans

Acidihalobacter

Acidiphilium

Acidithiobacillus caldus

Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans

Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans

Aeromonas

Archaea

acidophile

aeration

alkaline leaching

alloy

anaerobic

anthropogenic hazards

batch process

binder

bioaccumulation

biodiversity

biomineralisation

biomodification

bioprospecting

bioreactor

bioresidue

biosorption

biotechnology

boreal applications

BROGIM technology Uganda

chalchopyrite

chemical precipitation

cobaltiferrous pyrite

combustion-incineration ash

commercial scale

cyanid

cyanobacteria

DGGE

copper sulfate solution

downstream

ecoefficient

ecotoxicity

effluent

electron donor

emission-trading

life-cycle engineering

energetic metabolism

exploitation

extraction process

Fe-cycle

feed

ferric sulfate

Flocks

Flotation tailings

flowsheet

gas transfer reduction

gene sequence

geopolitics

greenhouse effect

green-house gas accounting implications

high-rate fluidizised bed bioprocess

HIOX

HIOX strains

hot brine leaching

hybrid biological systems

hydroleaching

hyperthermophile

ICPaxial view

ICP

Kasese Cobalt Company

Kyoto protocol

large-scale

LCA

LCI

leachate

life cycle analysis

life cycle assessment

limestone

low-grade

marker exchange

marker exchange mutagenesis

mechanical separation

mesophile

Metabolization

Metal recovery

microbial adaptation to stress

microbial carrier particle

microbial consortia

microbial detection

microbial genetics

microbial monitoring

microbial prospecting

microbially influenced corrosion

microdispersed solids

mineral

minerals characterisation

Mn cycle

moving bed sand filters inoculated with microbial biomass

mutant

mutants construction

N cycle

neutralisation agents

operating costs

ore dressing

passivating layer

permeability

pgm extremophiles

phenotypic diversity

phylogenetic diversity

phylogenetic

pilot scale

plasmid

Polymetallic

pond

powder metallurgy

primary resources

primer

probe

process engineering

propagated biomass

proteome

proteomic approach

proteomics

pyrite

quarry

redox potential

resource

risk assessment

rotating biological contactor

biofilm reactors

S cycle

scale up

separation processes density magnetism electrical fields

slag

Sludge

smelter waste

soil decontamination

SRB

stirred tank

strain

Stress

sulfides

Sulfate reduction

GC HPLC

sulfur hydrogen or elemental

sulfur oxidizing

surface properties of the mineral

synthesis gas as electron donor

Syntrophy

targeted mutagenesis

temperature ranges of microbes

Thermophilic biomass

transcriptome

16S rDNA

Accessory genes

Acid production potential

Acid sulfate soils

Acidification

Acidophile heterotroph

Acidophile

Activation energy

Agar-plate screening

Air-lift

Algae

Arsenite

Arsenopyrite

Atomic Force Microscopy AFM

Attached cells

Bacillus polymyxa

Bacterial activity

Bacterial attachment

Biodegradation

Biodiversity

Biofilm

Biolixiviation

Biological leaching

Biomass estimation

Biomineralization

Biooxidation

Bioreactor

Bioreduction

Bioremediation

Biosorption

Biosurfactant

Biotechnology

Brown coal

Chalcocite

Chalcopyrite

Chalk

Chelation

Chemoautotroph

Chemolithotrophic microorganism

Chromosomal DNA

Chromosomal integration

Coal bio-desulfurization

Complex sulfides concentrates

Complexing organic matter

Computational fluid dynamics

Concentrate

Continuous culture

CSTR

Cyanide

Cyanogenic microrganisms

Deferritization

Desulfotomaculum nigrificans

Desulfovibrio fructosovorans

Desulfovibrio

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